Don’t sweat it, we won’t cover all of them. 🙂
The Endocannabinoid System*
Cannabinoids interact with CB1 and CB2 receptors in your body to produce various effects. These receptors are part of the endocannabinoid system in your body. Cannabinoids help your body to achieve Homeostasis. That is to say, a chemical equilibrium.
That’s right, your body is made for cannabinoids.
As one person I know put it:
“You have a endocannabinoid system in you, not a Tylenol, Zoloft, or Ritalin system.”
Ironically, many pharmaceutical products attempt to act on the endocannabinoid system within you to produce relief from anxiety or pain. So it makes sense to go straight the product that your system is made for.
Interestingly, your body produces its own natural cannabinoids. Anandamide is one. Also quite interestingly, you have been consuming spices and food items containing cannabinoids for years that you probably were not aware of. Here’s a short list for an example:
- Black Pepper
- Black Truffles
I should also add that dark chocolate aids in the production of Anandamide in your body.
This is the THC most commonly referred to. Tetrahydrocannabinol (Tetra Hydro Cannabinol) is the compound that produces the “high” and the side effects such as paranoia. Effects from this compound can be: euphoria, relaxation, hallucinations, and drowsiness. Different strains will have different effects. THC Delta-9 is used for medical purposes to help with appetite stimulation, nausea reduction, pain relief, and relaxation. The drawbacks of THC D-9 include red eyes, dizziness, increased appetite and paranoia in high dose situations. It’s best for patients with schizophrenia to avoid THC because it can potentially trigger a relapse.
Any product with more than 0.3% THC is still considered illegal at the federal level. Legalization varies by state. You should check the legal status of THC in your state/county/city.
Similar to Delta 9, Delta-8 THC has only a few small chemical differences. It’s produced from hemp-derived CBD rather than cannabis. The effects of Delta 8 are similar to Delta 9 THC. The main differences would be that it starts off softly and produces no paranoia side effects.
Since Delta-8 is a variant of THC, whether it’s legal or not is often debated and transitional. It is at least partially protected by the 2018 Farm Bill because it’s derived from hemp. There are a few states that are attempting to redefine it legally so that it’s defined the same as Delta 9 THC.
To create Delta 10 THC, Delta 9 is bonded with a catalyst in a lab. This makes Delta 10 a synthetic cannabinoid. Delta 10 is still very new and needs more research. Many experts say that it shows promise as a future product.
Delta 10 benefits include reduced or eliminated paranoia. Beneficial effects are: relaxation, euphoria, and a creative high similar to a Sativa strain of Delta 9. Because Delta 10 is THC derived from Delta 9, it’s considered illegal on the federal level.
CBD is shorthand for Cannabidiol. It’s a very common cannabinoid in hemp. It’s also present in cannabis, but in much smaller amounts. CBD is non-intoxicating. It has no psychoactive effects and therefore causes no euphoric high. There are many studies that support it’s pain relieving and anxiety reducing effects.
Since more CBD is present, but almost no THC, hemp is the more lucrative plant of choice for CBD production.
On the other hand, CBD from cannabis contains more THC resins and is valued as having a larger diversity of cannabinoid compounds. CBD products that contain THC below the legal limit of 0.3% are called “full spectrum.” CBD products without THC in them are called “broad spectrum.”
CBG is shorthand for Cannabigerol. It is the precursor to all the other cannabinoids present in the hemp or cannabis plant. CBG is the compound that breaks down into THC, CBD and other cannabinoids. It typically exists in low concentrations. Scientists and specialty breeders are the ones who can harvest it in quantity. CBG produces no euphoric or psychoactive effects (no high).
CBG is considered to be a regulator from a functional point of view. This means that it counters the effects of THC, which could be a desired effect in certain cases. CBG is being deeply studied all the time. Currently, we know it to have positive benefits for helping to relieve neuropathic issues and bone-on-bone pain.
CBN is shorthand for Cannabinol. When THC exists in high amounts in old cannabis and then oxidizes, CBN is created. Just like CBD and CBG, CBN is non-intoxicating. It is being studied medically for antibacterial properties, treating glaucoma, pain, and neurological conditions. It is also known to relax the mind to aid in sleep.
CBC is shorthand for Cannabichromene. It’s non-psychoactive (produces no high). CBC binds with TRPV1 and TRPA1 receptors instead of the CB1 and CB2 receptors that the other cannabinoids listed here bind to. If that goes over your head, it’s OK. It’s the first time I’ve heard about TRPV1 and TRPA1 receptors too. **
Medically, CBC is being studied for it’s ability to reduce inflammation, block pain receptors, and potentially, fight cancer. Some lab studies have been done on mice for breast cancer with positive results.
Weed Maps – Cannabinoids without Cannabis?
Leaf Retailer – Know Your Cannabinoids
Wikipedia – Cannabinoids
Wikipedia – Hemp
Wikipedia – CB1 Receptor
Wikipedia – CB2 Receptor
Wikipedia – Endocannabinoid System
Wikipedia – Homeostasis
Wikipedia – Anandamide
Dummies – Dark Chocolate
Wikipedia – THC (Delta 9)
Wikipedia – THC (Delta 8)
Wikipedia – THC (Delta 10)
Wikipedia – CBD
Wikipedia – CBG
Wikipedia – CBN
Wikipedia – CBC
Wikipedia – TRPV1
Wikipedia – TRPA1
* For more information about how the endocannabinoid system works, see our blog post: How Does CBD Work?.
** After a little research, I discovered that many other cannabinoids bind with TRPV1 and TRPA1 receptors. CBD included.